The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) provides approximately $25 billion annually for the operation and support of its facilities. Since 1997, GAO has designated doD infrastructure management as a risk zone, in part because DOD has had to reduce its installation assistance costs. In 2013, Congress authorized military services to enter into IGS with local and government governments to obtain settlement services if an agreement brings financial benefits or increases the effectiveness of the mission. By July 2018, the armed forces had authorized 45 IGSAs at 33 facilities. Based on the analysis of 8 selected intergovernmental support agreements (IGSAs) and interviews with officials, the GAO found that military services obtained financial and non-financial benefits from using IGSa with local or public governments to obtain installation services such as waste disposal, land maintenance and animal control. Military services have developed different approaches to support the use of IGSA to reduce costs or increase mission effectiveness. For example, the services have issued guidelines and procedures for their facilities to develop, approve and implement the IGSA. However, officers from the various military services told us that they are not fully monitoring whether the facilities are evaluating the possibilities of using the IGSA.
For example, army policy says facilities must review existing contracts that expire for a possible transition to an IGSA, but military officials have said they are not yet monitoring whether the facilities are doing so. In the absence of a monitoring process to determine whether facilities are assessing opportunities to use the IGSA, military services do not know to what extent this is occurring and may therefore lack opportunities to further reduce costs or increase mission effectiveness. Comments: The military agreed to this recommendation and followed guidelines to pursue cost savings in military installations through the use of intergovernmental support agreements (IAGs). In particular, the guide directs army facilities to coordinate with Army Headquarters of Installation Management Command to identify development and proposal opportunities for IGSa with local or public governments, starting with solid waste services. In addition to the targeted solid waste service area, other IGSA ideas and concepts will be developed. Through the completion and implementation of this process, as well as its documentation, the military will have greater visibility in the facilities` efforts to achieve ways to reduce costs or ensure mission effectiveness through the use of IGSA. However, military services do not fully control the benefits of implemented SRIs because they do not have formal processes in place.